The Best Clothing Layers for Winter in the Backcountry

By Michael Lanza

There’s one certainty about the clothing layers we use in winter: We get our money’s worth out of them. While a rain shell or puffy jacket may rarely (or even never) come out of our pack on a summer hike or climb, we almost invariably wear every article of clothing we carry when backcountry, Nordic, or downhill skiing, snowshoeing, snowboarding, climbing, or trail running in winter. That’s money spent wisely to make us more comfortable and safer.

Every winter, I test out new clothing layers doing many of those activities frequently—something I’ve been doing for more than 25 years, previously as the lead gear reviewer for Backpacker magazine and for many years running this blog. This review spotlights the best shell and insulated jackets, base layers, and pants I’ve found for high-exertion and moderate-exertion activities in winter.

Hi, I’m Michael Lanza, creator of The Big Outside. Click here to sign up for my FREE email newsletter. Join The Big Outside to get full access to all of my blog’s stories. Click here for my e-guides to classic backpacking trips. Click here to learn how I can help you plan your next trip.

A backcountry skier in Idaho's Boise Mountains.
My son, Nate, backcountry skiing in Idaho’s Boise Mountains.

In my story “How to Dress in Layers for Winter in the Backcountry,” I offer advice—based on four decades of backcountry experience—on how to choose a specific, personalized layering system for different exertion levels and body types in temperatures near or below freezing. Use the tips in that story, along with this review, to make the best choices in winter outdoor apparel for your activities, your climate, and your body.

Please share your experiences with any of these products in the comments section at the bottom of this review. I try to respond to all comments. And if you make a purchase through any of the affiliate links to online retailers in this story or other reviews at The Big Outside, you support my work on this blog at no cost to you. Thanks for doing that.

Don’t go out in the cold without my “12 Pro Tips For Staying Warm Outdoors in Winter.”

Backcountry avalanche instructor Chago Rodriguez skiing in the shadow of Mount Heyburn in Idaho's Sawtooth Mountains.
Expert backcountry avalanche instructor Chago Rodriguez skiing in the shadow of Mount Heyburn in Idaho’s Sawtooth Mountains. Click photo to learn about his courses.

The Best Base Layers for Winter

Whatever your exertion level, you want next-to-skin tops and bottoms that perform two functions that become especially important in winter:

1. Wick moisture off your skin quickly.
2. Provide at least the minimum amount of warmth you need for the conditions and your body.

Here are the best base-layer tops I’ve found for various activities in winter as well as cooler three-season conditions.

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Patagonia Capilene Midweight Zip-Neck.
Patagonia Capilene Midweight Zip-Neck.

Patagonia Capilene Midweight Zip-Neck

$89, 7.5 oz.

I routinely wear the Patagonia Capilene Midweight Zip-Neckwhile backcountry, resort, and Nordic skiing and on cool- to cold-weather trail runs. The 100 percent recycled polyester fabric delivers a lot of warmth for its low weight, breathes very well, and wicks moisture efficiently. A deep front zipper opens down to the pecs for good venting, while the collar reaches high enough to keep my neck covered when zipped up.

Comfort is excellent thanks to flatlock seams and shoulder construction that allows full mobility without causing the top to hike up. The fabric’s smooth face slips easily into fleece jacket sleeves. Thumb loops hold the sleeves over your hands. The Polygiene odor control has prevented it from getting stinky through many sweaty outings and launderings. All in all, you get a four-season, midweight top with Patagonia quality.

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Check out “The Best Gloves for Winter” and “The Best Mittens for Winter.”

Outdoor Research Vigor Quarter Zip
Outdoor Research Vigor Quarter Zip.

Outdoor Research Vigor Quarter Zip

$89, 11 oz.

On many days skiing the backcountry, resorts, and very hilly Nordic trails from Idaho’s Boise Mountains to Utah’s Wasatch Range and Montana’s Big Sky Resort, in temperatures from single digits through the teens and 20s Fahrenheit, sometimes in dumping snow with a below-zero wind chill, OR’s Vigor Quarter Zip (usually with a wool-poly T-shirt underneath) had my back, always striking a critical balance between providing enough warmth for the chilly moments without causing me to get too wet on long ascents. When I sweated hard, the Vigor moved moisture so well that it never became more than damp and would dry within minutes of my exertion level dropping.

Similar to other tops of comparable weight, the Vigor is made with a light, grid-back polyester fleece that feels soft against skin and moves moisture exceptionally well, its mechanical performance enhanced by ActiveTemp thermo-regulating treatment. You can wear it as a base layer—the flat-seam construction aids comfort—or (as I frequently do) over a lighter, short-sleeve or long-sleeve base layer, with or without a jacket.

The 10-inch front zipper reaches to your sternum for good venting and zips up to your chin. The stretch fabric with thumbholes in the cuffs allow you to slip the sleeves up inside gloves or push sleeves up to the elbows. The zippered chest pocket fits a light hat or phone and breathes well enough to quickly dry something damp stuffed in there (like a light hat for skinning uphill when ski touring). The UPF 30 sun-protection rating protects skin year-round—just as useful in March as August in the mountains. Plus, the length extends to cover your entire butt, providing that much more warmth when tucked into ski pants or other bottoms.

The Vigor Quarter Zip doesn’t have the mapped warmer and lighter fabrics of the Patagonia R1 and Beyond Celerus L2 or a hood—the latter possibly appealing to users who prefer not having a hood on a pullover or already have an insulation layer with a hood in addition to a hooded winter shell. Still, it offers four-season versatility for any snow sport, hiking, climbing, and running—at a good price.

BUY IT NOW You can support my work on this blog, at no cost to you, clicking any of these affiliate links to purchase a men’s or women’s Outdoor Research Vigor Quarter Zip at,, or, or other models in OR’s Vigor series, including the full-zip hooded jacket, at,, or

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Patagonia Men’s R1 Pullover Hoody
Patagonia Men’s R1 Pullover Hoody.

Patagonia R1 Pullover Hoody

$159, 10 oz.

For a huge range of activities and exertion levels in temps from just above to well below freezing, few base or insulation layers offer the versatility of the men’s Patagonia R1 Pullover Hoody (in a range of sizes that will fit many women) and women’s R1 Long-Sleeved Crew ($99). Patagonia touts these pullovers for climbing and skiing—for which they certainly excel—but I have worn the R1 Pullover Hoody year-round while backcountry skiing, climbing, hiking, backpacking, and in my sleeping bag on cool, damp days and nights; and as my only insulation piece for six days of backpacking in the Grand Canyon in May.

The versatility lies in the stretchy, recycled polyester and spandex Polartec Power Grid fabric, exclusive to Patagonia, which has outstanding breathability and warmth for its weight, making this top versatile as a layering or stand-alone piece in temps ranging from the 50s Fahrenheit to as far below freezing as you can bear. A midweight fabric is used on the front, back, and sleeves, while a slightly lighter, more breathable grid fabric comprises the hood, sides, armpits, and girding the waist. The close fit has space for layering a lightweight T-shirt or long-sleeve underneath—which gives the best performance—and the extended length stays tucked inside a pack belt or climbing harness.

The low-bulk, close-fitting balaclava-style hood gives a noticeable boost in warmth, fits under any helmet, doesn’t interfere with other hoods in a layering system—and it’s easy to tuck the hood under the collar, out of the way. The front zipper plunges nearly to the belly button for superior venting and zips up to let the hood cover your nose. The elasticized cuffs with thumbholes have good stretch to both seal out cold air and slide the sleeves up to the elbows. The zippered chest pocket fits a wool hat or light gloves and is mesh-lined, so you can put something damp in there to quickly dry from body heat. Polygiene treatment controls odors.

BUY IT NOW You can support my work on this blog, at no cost to you, by clicking any of these affiliate links to purchase a Patagonia men’s R1 Pullover Hoody at or, or a women’s or men’s R1 Long-Sleeved Crew, Zip Pullover, or other R1 apparel at or

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Beyond Celeris Midweight L2 Pullover.
Beyond Celeris Midweight L2 Pullover.

Beyond Celeris Midweight L2 Pullover

$80, 11 oz.

From numerous days of backcountry skiing in temps from the single digits to the 20s Fahrenheit, to winter trail runs on days in the 30s and 40s, I’ve placed high demands on this hoody to keep me warm and dry in the most challenging conditions: cool to very cold with my body cycling between hot and rapid cooling. And the Celeris did just that.

Its good warmth derives from the circular grid pattern in the double-knit fleece, creating tiny air pockets that trap body heat while channeling moisture to the fabric’s smooth exterior surface, where it evaporates. This top consistently dried quickly as my exertion dropped—critical in winter. Plus, the more breathable fabric in the underarms and sides and ¾-front zipper vent effectively. Its fit and stretch allow adding a light base layer (as I almost always did) or nothing underneath. While sized for men, the size range may accommodate all but small women.

I frequently flipped the hood up for an ideal boost of warmth without overheating. Although it lacks the snug fit of a balaclava-style hood, the grid fabric readily clings to a beanie or hair, so wind never yanked it off my head. Cuff thumbholes enable pulling the sleeve inside gloves or mittens to keep hands warm. It lacks a chest pocket—a minor omission—but substitutes a small, zippered pocket on one sleeve, useful for a map or a car key (though nothing like a phone). Antimicrobial treatment has kept the top from developing a stink (so far).

It’s not the lightest midweight layer you can find—some down jackets are lighter—partly explained by the hood and long, durable front zipper. But few 11-ounce mid layers offer this much versatility for a range of cool- to cold-weather activities and exertion levels—a list that only begins with all forms of skiing, hiking, and running. And many of its competitors cost upwards of twice as much.

BUY IT NOW You can support my work on this blog, at no cost to you, by clicking either of these affiliate links to purchase a Beyond Celeris Midweight L2 Pullover at or a Celeris Midweight L2 Long John at

See more of the best base layers for being active outdoors.

Beyond Dasche L3 Jacket with hood up.
The Beyond Dasche L3 Jacket.

The Best Insulated Jackets for Being Active

As I write in my story “How to Dress in Layers for Winter in the Backcountry,” for backcountry skiing or ski touring, snowshoeing, or hiking, you need a layering system with great versatility—and the critical piece is the middle, or insulating layer. It provides most of your layering system’s warmth, and it must breathe well, because your outer/shell layer provides the full weather protection. In moderate-exertion activities, the more breathable your insulating layer, the less frequently you have to make layering changes—a challenge that modern synthetic insulation has risen to meet effectively.

If your winter sport of choice involves sweating and breathing hard, like running and Nordic skiing or even power hiking, you need only a lightweight jacket with some warmth, superior breathability to dump the moisture your body is producing, and enough water resistance to not soak through in light rain or snow.

Here are the best middle/insulation layers I’ve found for moderate- and high-exertion activities in winter.

Plan your next great backpacking trip in Yosemite, Grand Teton, and other parks using my expert e-guides.


Ibex Wool Aire Vest
Ibex Wool Aire Vest

Ibex Wool Aire Vest

The widely varying conditions I’ve worn the Ibex Wool Aire Vest in speak to its versatility. It was my only outer layer over the same two base layers on days of vigorous Nordic skiing ranging from sunny, calm, and mid-30s Fahrenheit to cloudy and below freezing with strong winds. And I’ve worn it as my sole middle layer under a winter shell in temps from around freezing to the mid-teens with a frigid wind on days of snowshoeing and backcountry skiing downhill and as my outer layer when skinning uphill. The formula is warm Merino wool insulation, a shell with good wind resistance, and a comfortably athletic fit that helps trap heat.

Read my full review of the Ibex Wool Aire Vest.

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Patagonia Nano-Air Vest
Patagonia Nano-Air Vest.

Patagonia Nano-Air Vest

$199, 8 oz.

The Patagonia Nano-Air Vest’s breathable synthetic insulation makes this lightweight garment functional on outings year-round. I’ve regularly grabbed it instead of other vests in my closet for Nordic skate-skiing in “milder” temps above freezing and warm sunshine.

On an early-October backpacking trip in Idaho’s White Cloud Mountains, it stayed on me not only through cool evenings and mornings in camp, but also while hiking with a full backpack uphill, off-trail, in temps in the 40s and 50s Fahrenheit, with intermittent wind. Both the nylon ripstop shell and the insulation have four-way stretch.

Read my full review of the Patagonia Nano-Air Vest.

BUY IT NOW You can support my work on this blog, at no cost to you, by clicking any of these affiliate links to purchase a men’s or women’s Nano-Air Vest at or, or in Canada.

Avoid getting too cold—or too hot—on your winter adventures.
Learn “How to Dress in Layers for Winter in the Backcountry.”

The Patagonia Nano-Air Jacket.
The Patagonia Nano-Air Jacket.
Patagonia Nano-Air Jacket.
Patagonia Nano-Air Jacket.

Patagonia Nano-Air Jacket

$249, 10 oz.

I wore the Patagonia Nano-Air Jacket for activities ranging from four straight days of backcountry skiing in the Sierra in winds gusting to 40 to 50 mph and heavily falling snow, to Nordic skate-skiing and snowshoeing in Idaho’s Boise Mountains on days both overcast and windy and in warm sunshine.

Its highly versatile hybrid design puts FullRange synthetic insulation, which stretches and breathes, in the front of the jacket, upper shoulders, and top sides of the sleeves, and a much more breathable, wicking, stretch waffle knit on the back of the sleeves, in the sides, and covering the entire back. The result is a jacket that offloads body heat about as fast as you produce it—while keeping you warm at varying levels of exertion.

Read my full review of the Patagonia Nano-Air Jacket.

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The Arc’teryx Atom LT Hoody.
Arc’teryx Atom LT Hoody.

Arc’teryx Atom LT Hoody

$259, 12 oz.

From days of backcountry skiing to cold winter hikes in my local foothills and walking or riding my cruiser bike around town on frosty days, the Arc’teryx Atom LT Hoody has spent almost as much time on me as it does in my closet. On a morning when the trailhead temp sat at 20 ° F as a friend and I set out for a half-day of backcountry skiing, I pulled the hood up and this puffy kept me warm over two light base layers while skinning uphill in cold shade—but even more impressively, once my body was churning out heat, the wide, stretch side and underarm panels dumped that heat and moisture so well that I didn’t have to take it off until we entered direct sunshine near the top of our ascent.

The Coreloft Compact synthetic insulation delivered all the warmth I needed while digging a snow pit and standing around evaluating avalanche hazard and lost none of its insulative properties when I did build up moisture inside (skiing downhill in warm sun). Plus, the insulated StormHood, adjustable with a single drawcord in the back, boosts warmth significantly. The tough, water-resistant Tyono 20 fabric is breathable and durable and easily shed lightly falling snow when I ski toured without a shell over it.

Unquestionably one of the most versatile insulation pieces covered in this review—warmer than others, yet impressively breathable—the Atom LT readily rises to as many uses as you can conceive, from hiking, backcountry skiing, bike commuting, and climbing to a campsite puffy in temps down to the 40s in summer in the mountains.

Read my full review of the Arc’teryx Atom LT Hoody.

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The Outdoor Research Helium Insulated Hoodie in Yosemite National Park.
The Outdoor Research Helium Insulated Hoodie in Yosemite National Park.

Outdoor Research Helium Insulated Hoodie

$199, 12 oz.

OR’s lightest and most packable insulated jacket delivers surprising warmth, thanks to breathable and stretchy, 60gVerticalX ECO SR insulation. Made from Repreve recycled polyester and 37 percent plant-based Sorona textile, VerticalX ECO SR lofts more than other synthetics and 20 percent more than OR’s previous VerticalX iteration—lending the jacket an almost down-like appearance while conferring the usual benefit of synthetic insulation: trapping heat even when wet.

The Helium’s adjustable, helmet-compatible hood boosts warmth while the wind- and water-resistant, 15- by 30-denier Pertex Quantum shell fabric derives from 41 percent recycled materials and features Diamond Fuse technology, consisting of yarns with interlocking, diamond-shaped filaments that resist snagging: OR says it’s twice as durable as fabrics commonly used in this category of insulated jackets, without increasing weight. A versatile, four-season layering piece, the Helium Insulated Hoodie is useful for everything from three-season backpacking trips to cold-weather hiking, climbing, and snow sports.

Read my full review of the Outdoor Research Helium Insulated Hoodie.

BUY IT NOW You can support my work on this blog, at no cost to you, by clicking any of these affiliate links to purchase a men’s or a women’s Outdoor Research Helium Insulated Hoodie at, or

Which puffy should you buy? See “The 10 Best Down Jackets” and
How You Can Tell How Warm a Down Jacket Is.

The Beyond Dasche L3 Jacket.
The Beyond Dasche L3 Jacket.

Beyond Dasche L3 Jacket

$190, 14 oz.

Over several cold days of ski touring from Utah’s Wasatch Range to Idaho’s Boise Mountains, with temps in the single digits and teens Fahrenheit, snow falling, and a cold wind chill at times, the Beyond Dasche L3 Jacket rarely left my body, whether serving as a middle layer skiing downhill or an outer layer skiing uphill—a testament to its breathability and versatility.

The Dasche’s hybrid vest-jacket design combines water-resistant, 80g PrimaLoft Gold Luxe synthetic insulation in the core (front and back) and shoulders and very breathable, stretchy soft-shell fabric in the sides, underarms, and lower arms—creating a jacket that traps heat effectively where your body needs that but also releases heat and moisture, where many jackets with a similar hybrid design do either one thing or the other better. My base layer always dried within minutes after my exertion level dropped. The uninsulated, stretchy, close-fitting, adjustable and stowable hood moves with your head, fits under any helmet, provides excellent coverage, and cuts some wind while breathing quite well—an ideal middle-layer hood.

For backcountry skiing or riding, climbing, snowshoeing, or hiking, I find it best for temps well below freezing—for me, it only became too warm in sunshine, calm air, and temps around freezing. Maybe be of all, it comes in under a pound and under 200 bucks.

Read my full review of the Beyond Dasche L3 Jacket.

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The Best Insulated Jackets for Extra Warmth

For really cold days of backcountry skiing, ski touring, snowshoeing, hiking and backpacking, and resort skiing, many of us need an insulation layer with extra warmth. Here are my top picks for insulated jackets that cross over from moderate-exertion activities in temps well below freezing to three-season backpacking and camping in the mountains.

The North Face Summit L3 Ventrix Hoodie.
The North Face Summit L3 Ventrix Hoodie.

The North Face Summit L3 Ventrix Hoodie

$300, 15 oz.

Few insulated jackets demonstrate the seasonal and activity versatility of The North Face Summit L3 Ventrix Hoodie. I’ve worn it under a Gore-Tex jacket ski touring through blowing snow and cold wind along an up-and-down mountain ridge; on a day of backcountry skiing with weather that constantly shifted between cold wind and snow squalls to warm sunshine; and on cool evenings and mornings on a six-day, July backpacking trip in Utah’s High Uintas Wilderness.

TNF says the “dynamic” Ventrix polyester stretch synthetic insulation’s perforated micro vents open to release body heat with a wearer’s movement and close with decreased activity. It demonstrated good breathability: Although I overheated while skinning uphill in warm sunshine in temps in the teens, my base layer dried out once my exertion level went down.

The athletic fit, no shoulder seams under pack straps, and close-fitting, stretchy, adjustable, under-the-helmet hood create a comfortable jacket, and it has zippered chest and hand pockets.

Read my full review of The North Face Summit L3 Ventrix Hoodie.

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The Feathered Friends Helios Hooded Down Jacket.
The Feathered Friends Helios Hooded Down Jacket.

Feathered Friends Helios Hooded Down Jacket

$469, 1 lb. 1 oz.

While it’s not made for breathability while being active, for incomparable warmth in a lightweight, packable puffy, I haven’t found anything that beats the Feathered Friends Helios Hooded Down Jacket. On winter nights in the single digits outside a yurt in Idaho’s Boise Mountains, and raw, wet spring mornings camped in Idaho’s City of Rocks, this fat down jacket felt crazy warm—especially for its weight and packability, spotlighting its versatility as an outstanding down jacket for winter and a puffy that’s light and packable enough for chilly, three-season trips.

The Helios is generously stuffed with 900+-fill down, the highest-quality down produced, including in the comfortable, adjustable hood. The water-resistant, 20-denier Pertex Endurance LT shell fabric repels light rain, and the jacket has two hand pockets with overlapping stretch flaps in lieu of a zipper, plus one small, zippered inside pocket.

Read my full review of the Feathered Friends Helios Hooded Down Jacket.

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The Black Diamond Vision Down Parka.
The Black Diamond Vision Down Parka.

Black Diamond Vision Down Parka

$465, 1 lb. 4.5 oz.

While a rare degree of warmth and features designed for extreme conditions, BD’s Vision Down Parka has few competitors among the warmest down jackets for climbing, backpacking, and camping in temperatures well below freezing—as I learned on a 17° F March morning camped on the edge of The Maze District of Canyonlands National Park and other occasions when this parka warmed me up after ambient temps had cooled me down quickly.

Stuffed with 800-fill power, Allied HyperDRY-treated goose down insulation, the Vision Parka resists moisture buildup and delivers high warmth for its weight; it’s like wearing a sleeping bag over your torso. Its water-resistant down carries added importance in sub-freezing temps because moisture released in sweat and breaths can accumulate in insulation and compromise the warmth of standard down. The parka also sports a fat, helmet-compatible, adjustable hood, three zippered hand and chest pockets and two internal drop pockets, and stuffs into an inside pocket, packing down to the size of a football.

Read my full review of the Black Diamond Vision Down Parka.

BUY IT NOW You can support my work on this blog, at no cost to you, by clicking any of these affiliate links to purchase a men’s or women’s Black Diamond Vision Down Parka at,, or

The Best Winter Backcountry Shell Jackets and Pants

For activities like backcountry ski touring and riding, snowshoeing, climbing, and hiking, when I’m working hard for hours in wide-ranging winter temps and weather, I want a shell jacket and pants with superior breathability—so that I don’t get soaked with sweat while exerting—that also repel hours of falling snow and block most wind. The jacket must have an adjustable, brimmed hood that keeps wind and precipitation off my face and fit comfortably over base and middle layers, allowing full range of motion. The pants should have adequate pockets and ventilate well for moving uphill. Neither should be too heavy.

The Outdoor Research Skytour AscentShell Jacket.
The Outdoor Research Skytour AscentShell Jacket.

Outdoor Research Skytour AscentShell Jacket and Bibs

Jacket: $379, 1 lb. 5.5 oz.
Bibs: $379, 1 lb. 9 oz.

The Outdoor Research Skytour AscentShell Bibs.
The Outdoor Research Skytour AscentShell Bibs.

The waves of December snowstorms rolled through for days, dumping cold, dry, light powder in the mountains. In the backcountry, the skiing was epic—as were the weather conditions. That’s when high-quality shells demonstrate their value. On numerous days of ski touring through hours of heavily falling snow, temps ranging from the single digits to the teens and 20s Fahrenheit, and frequent wind, OR’s Skytour AscentShell Jacket and Bibs passed every qualifying exam to rank among the very best outerwear for winter.

The newest iteration of OR’s proprietary, three-layer, stretch AscentShell waterproof-breathable membrane performs like a hard shell but feels and moves like a soft shell. AscentShell’s impressive breathability enabled base layers to dry out completely after getting sweaty on long climbs—keeping testers comfortable in all conditions. I rarely even feel the need to open the deep pit zips, although those are a nice feature on warmer days of touring.

The jacket has four waterproof, zippered external pockets and two inside pockets, a helmet-compatible hood, and a fit that accommodates warm layers. The bibs have deep, ventilating front and side zippers, plus five zippered pockets, including two cargo and hand pockets and a smartly designed beacon pocket on the chest, as well as reinforced cuffs with a stretch-mesh internal gaiter.

Read my full review of the Outdoor Research Skytour AscentShell Jacket and Bibs.

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Black Diamond Dawn Patrol Hybrid Jacket

$350, 1 lb. 2 oz.

Black Diamond Dawn Patrol Hybrid Pants

$300, 1 lb. 3.5 oz.

BD’s Dawn Patrol Hybrid Shell and Pants have kept me dry and comfortable on countless days of backcountry skiing, in temperatures ranging from single digits with a below-zero wind chill through the high 30s, in falling snow, light rain mixed with wet snow, wind, and just plain calm, sub-freezing air. The hybrid design of both blends the brand’s proprietary BD.dry waterproof-breathable fabric with a PFC- and water-free DWR (durable, water-resistant treatment) in areas most exposed to weather—chest, hood, and shoulders in the jacket and the lower legs and seat in the pants—with highly breathable soft-shell fabric in places where our bodies dump heat and moisture, like the underarms and sides of the jacket and thighs and front of the pants.

Abundant stretch in both pieces let you move unencumbered both uphill and downhill. The jacket’s center front dual zipper features a built-in mesh panel for venting on the climb and a perforated panel on the collar for breathing through while still protecting your face. Features include two harness-compatible chest pockets that fit skins, an internal media pocket, pit zips, an adjustable, helmet-compatible hood, and hook-and-loop cuffs with a lightweight wrist gaiter.

The pants feature side zips for venting; two zippered thigh pockets, one with an internal sleeve for a beacon, and a smaller, zippered hip pocket; instep patches to guard against ski edges and crampon points; a stretch gaiter and cuffs with dual snap closures for different types of ski boots; an integrated belt for waist adjustment with internal loops for suspender compatibility; and an integrated RECCO reflector.

Read my full reviews of the Black Diamond Dawn Patrol Hybrid Jacket and the Black Diamond Dawn Patrol Hybrid Pants.

BUY IT NOW You can support my work on this blog, at no cost to you, by clicking any of these affiliate links to purchase the men’s or women’s Black Diamond Dawn Patrol Hybrid Jacket at,, or, and the Black Diamond Dawn Patrol Hybrid Pants at,, or

Be sure to read my stories “How to Dress in Layers for Winter in the Backcountry” and “12 Pro Tips For Staying Warm Outdoors in Winter,” and all reviews of outdoor apparel at The Big Outside.

NOTE: I tested gear for Backpacker magazine for 20 years. At The Big Outside, I review only what I consider the best outdoor gear and apparel. See The Big Outside’s Gear Reviews page for categorized menus of all gear reviews and expert buying tips.


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Leave a Comment

11 thoughts on “The Best Clothing Layers for Winter in the Backcountry”

  1. Hi Michael,

    Thank you for this article.

    I am looking for advice for high-exertion activities (deep snowshoeing) in the hilly terrain of UP Michigan. I generate a considerable amount of perspiration, leaving me soaked before shedding layers. I like your recommendation of the Patagonia Long-Sleeved Capilene Cool Lightweight Shirt as a base layer. I am curious about your mid-layer recommendations for high-exertion activities. I often use Ibex products but find they are not as breathable as I might need. Finally, I am curious about your thoughts on the Crazy Idea Cervina Ultra as a shell option for high-exertion activities versus USA softshell.

    Thanking you in advance.

    Keep up the good work.

    • Thanks for a good question, Tom. I can imagine the very challenging combination of frigid temps and high exertion you’re trying to balance when snowshoeing in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan (the “UP!”). Yes, I like Patagonia Long-Sleeved Capilene Cool Lightweight Shirt (covered in this review) against skin for its fast wicking ability. I would suggest adding over that—especially in temps from above freezing to far below freezing—a highly breathable, midweight hoody like the Patagonia R1 Pullover Hoody or Beyond Celeris Midweight L2 Pullover, both covered above. Either provides good warmth, venting, and moisture management along with the versatility of flipping the hood up or down as needed. In no wind, working hard, that combo of light and midweight base layers may be all you wear.

      On top of those, I would add an insulated jacket that’s also very breathable, like Patagonia Nano-Air Light Hybrid Jacket or, for a little more warmth, the Arc’teryx Atom LT Hoody. When there’s severe wind chill, add a shell that will shed heavy snow as well and breathe well, like the Outdoor Research Skytour AscentShell Jacket or Black Diamond Dawn Patrol Hybrid Shell (all reviewed above).

      I have not used the Crazy Idea Cervina Ultra Jacket but I’ve looked at it online and I’m familiar with that type of highly breathable shell design. It appears to fit closely enough that it may not have space to layer an insulated jacket underneath, though it likely accommodates the light base layer and hoody combo I suggested. I’d be a little concerned that leaving you without adequate protection from heavily falling snow or warmth for extreme cold like you might encounter in the UP in winter, but you know better than me what conditions you deal with and how your body handles them.

      While you may have excellent winter skills, for the benefit of other readers, I’ll point out a couple of stories at my blog that offer tips on being active in winter: “12 Pro Tips for Staying Warm Outdoors in Winter” and “How to Dress in Layers for Winter in the Backcountry.”

      I hope that helps. Thanks and get in touch anytime.

      • Thanks, Michael
        Good words of wisdom. You have helped clarify the myriad of choices and specifically addressed my requirements.

        I’ll purchase the Patagonia light/Patagonia midweight/Patagonia R1 pullover. I will look more into the Patagonia Nano-Air Light Hybrid. I assume that clinking on your link in your articles (which goes to supports your blog? If so, I will be doing so.

        The conditions in the Michigan UP remind me of the Sierra Nevada’s: lots of heavy wet snow that comes down fast. The other severe weather condition is the occasional intense/wet wind off Lake Superior. Therefore, I have been looking at a softshell as well. I had been looking at the OR Ferrosi (rather than the Skytour Ascent Shell Jacket). My brother, who skis at Mount Bohemia (BackCountry) in Michigan UP, swears by the MHW Exposure/2 Pro jacket and/or Exposure/2 Active Jacket. Before purchasing the latter products through your article, I would appreciate it if I could get your opinion on these shells.
        Thanking you in advance,

        • Those three Patagonia base/middle layers are good choices. The Nano-Air Light Hybrid Jacket is one I’ve worn a lot (including yesterday) and it’s highly breathable—which also means it doesn’t block wind much so you’d need a shell over it at times.

          Yes, the affiliate links to online retailers do support my work at no cost to you, so thank you for purchasing through them.

          I haven’t worn the OR Ferrosi Jacket but I’m a fan of the Ferrosi pants. I expect the jacket, like the pants, is highly breathable and probably doesn’t cut wind as well as OR’s Skytour or many other shells.

          I haven’t worn the Hardwear Exposure/2 Pro Jacket but I have used other shells with Gore-Tex Pro, the brand’s top-performing membrane. In short, it’ll be as wind- and waterproof as any shell and has the best durability of any Gore membrane—though not as breathable as OR’s Skytour or Gore-Tex Active. I’m sure the Pro version is an excellent, all-conditions shell. As it should be for that price. You’ve surmised by now that the Hardwear Exposure/2 Active Jacket is designed for much more breathability but less weather-proofing. One thing I notice in photos of both is that they’re not cut quite as long as some other shells, including the Skytour. But at roughly a pound, they’re a legit 3-season jacket, too, whereas the Skytour and other heavier shells are strictly for winter.

          Good luck with your choices.

          • I want to start by saying that your recommendation on the Patagonia products (e.g., Capilene and the Nano air) has been invaluable in the Upper Peninsula MI snowshoeing and on the Ice Age Trail in SE Wisconsin. These products performed exceptionally in the unpredictable and variable weather of the UP and the standard cold weather winters of Wisconsin.

            I have an additional question regarding a hard shell.

            Per your suggestions to look for a Gore Active Jacket or Outdoor Research Skytour Acsentshell product, I purchased a Gore Active jacket ( Notchtop jacket). Great product. Exceptional price. I used it on the Superior Hiking Trail and Ice Age Trail, and it performed well in various conditions. Only complaint, not as breathable as I would prefer. I still get rather sweaty more often than I would like if I am not careful.

            Although I like the Notchtop jacket, I contacted regarding returning it for the OR Sky tour, as you had initially recommended in your blog. My main concern in contacting was if there would be a significant difference between the two jackets in breathability to justify the price difference. Instead, the helpful gear tech personnel recommended I consider TNF future light series – particularly the Freethinker Jacket ($550) as a high aerobic shell as an additional alternative choice. It sounds like an impressive product – told it is twice as breathable as the Ascentshell fabric. However, it is three times as expensive as the Notchtop jacket and $200 more than the Sky tour jacket.

            In the end, my thought is to stick with the Notchtop Gore Active and figure out a better or alternative way to enhance breathability and avoid becoming too sweaty. The Gore Active fabric appears to be just as good as Ascentshell in what I want it to do.

            Regarding the Freethinker Futurelight, as much as this looks like a good choice and addresses what I need, at $350 more, I don’t know enough about this fabric to know if it justifies the cost difference with Gore Active. Thus, my question to you is if the Futurelight fabric is as good as it claims – and if it is the product is what I am looking for in a high aerobic shell over the Gore Active jacket.

            Thanking you in advance,

          • Hi Tom,

            I’m glad those Patagonia layers work well for you being active in cold UP winters.

            I have not used The North Face Freethinker FutureLight Jacket (that’s an affiliate link, should you choose to purchase that jacket at, so I can’t say it will be significantly more breathable as the OR Skytour Ascentshell Jacket, or even twice as breathable, although that claim seems to call into question how windproof the jacket would be. I did look at the jacket’s specs and it looks like a well-designed shell for winter.

            I have used and reviewed a three-season TNF FutureLight shell and did find it exceptionally breathable. But the flip side of that equation is that wind passes through it more easily.

            The cost is obviously a serious consideration. That’s one of the reasons I’m a fan of the Skytour, for the value it delivers. I have used Gore Active shells and I think the Skytour is more breathable. Whether it will be as breathable as you are seeking, I can’t honestly predict that. But I also think that a winter shell should foremost protect from wind and precipitation and ideally also provide adequate breathability. Only you know if that Notchtop Jacket is working for you. But I agree with you that I’m not likely to spend a ton more money on something short of having a very strong, trusted recommendation—unless you can potentially use it and then decide whether to return it.

            I don’t know if that gives you a fully satisfactory answer, but breathability is something everyone’s body perceives differently.

            Good luck. Let me know what you decide on.

  2. Thanks for the article, Michael.
    My son and I are hiking three days in the Grand Canyon at the end of December when the weather can be unpredictable and sometimes harsh, especially near the rim.

    My son and I have lightweight short and long-sleeved wicking base layers as well as waterproof shells.

    For the mid-layer, we have down jackets but need another mid layer that won’t be as hot when hiking in cold temperatures. Neither nor us own fleece pullovers but I understand that they can be good mid-layers. Do you recommend fleece mid layers? If not, why?

    Also, I don’t know how to handle the glove/mitten situation. We likely both have Raynaud’s.


    • Hi Brian,

      The Grand Canyon can certainly be beautiful and wondrous in early winter, as well as cold, windy, snowy, and challenging. You ask a good question.

      Yes, it’s worth considering a midweight fleece layer to wear as an outer layer or under your shell, depending on the weather, because fleece is so breathable.

      But I think a puffy jacket with breathable, synthetic insulation is a more versatile choice. See my picks for “The 10 Best Down Jackets” and focus on the models with maximum breathability, like the Arc’teryx Atom LT Hoody, which has breathable side panels, or the even warmer The North Face Summit L3 Ventrix Hoodie.

      I also have bad Raynaud’s and typically wear warmer gloves than most of my trail companions. See my review of “The Best Gloves for Winter”.

      I hope that helps. Good luck.

  3. Michael,

    Thank you for your informative article. Choosing clothing in the Pacific Northwest winter I find more challenging than many locales including trekking at 4, 5 or even 6000 metre mountains. The weather is exceptionally variable within a day and as we gain altitude from sea level. When I hike or snowshoe (I no longer ski) I like to go and not be fiddling around with layers, except when necessary.

    Consequently, I look for layers that have a broad spectrum of use. I generate heat and perspiration rapidly and excessively so i need to manage this, especially in cooler weather. One way is to have infrequent and short stops, and rarely taking off my backpack to avoid the ugly chill. I also follow the old adage “Be bold, start cold (okay cool)”. One of the tops I really like is the Arc’teryx Sataro AR. It works over a wide range of temperatures and maintains warmth better than my synthetic tops.

    On a side note I am currently using a Kora top that is made from yak wool. The company claims it is better than merino because the yaks come from higher elevations than sheep.

    Pants. Trying to manage sweaty feet and warm legs in winter. A couple choices for winter when shorts are not a true option. I wear Outdoor Research Ferrosi 3/4 length climbing pants with above calf length socks. If is cool I slip on my full length gaiters OR Crocs or a similar Rab product but leave the top loose to help vent. When I need long pants I look for those with vents. These include OR Ferrosi Zip pants, Fjallraven Keb pants that have vertical thigh zippers and lower zips from the ankle to calf, or for cold weather OR Iceline pants (no longer on the OR website).

    One of my frustrations with many North American pant makers is they do not use side vents. European manufacturers are much better. They are very effective and useful.

    The other key temperature regulators are head gear and gloves. I have several of both.

    Keep up the great work!

    • Thanks for your detailed recommendations, John. I know you’ve spent a lot of time in the backcountry. You actually reminded me about the OR Ferrosi Pants, which I’d reviewed before (and added them to the above review). And I’ve been a fan of the Arc’teryx Satoro AR Zip Neck for a while–I wore it for four straight days in cold winds and freezing temps when you and I climbed Whitney together, in fact.

      Keep in touch and keep on sending your recommendations.