The 5 Best Backpacking Trips in Grand Teton National Park

By Michael Lanza

Here’s a truth I’ve learned from more than 20 visits to the Tetons since my first backpacking trip on the Teton Crest Trail three decades ago: That incomparable, jagged skyline of peaks never fails to ignite a sense of awe and joy. Walking for days through these mountains, with their endless fields of wildflowers, long alpine vistas, and hypnotic mountain lakes, creeks, and waterfalls never grows old. I’m pretty sure I could backpack through Grand Teton National Park 20 more times without the experience ever growing ordinary.

While I rank the Teton Crest Trail among the 10 best backpacking trips in America—a list that draws on more than three decades of backpacking all over the United States, including 10 years as a field editor for Backpacker magazine and longer than that running this blog—the truth is, any backpacking excursion into the Tetons will probably hold a cherished place among the prettiest and most memorable multi-day treks of your life. It will very likely feature some of the most scenic backcountry campsites you’ve ever slept in; a couple of Tetons camps populate my personal list of all-time favorite backcountry campsites.

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A backpacker hiking the Teton Crest Trail on Death Canyon Shelf, Grand Teton National Park.
Jeff Wilhelm backpacking the Teton Crest Trail, Grand Teton National Park. Click photo for my expert e-guide to the Teton Crest Trail.

The five backpacking trips described below, ranging from nearly 20 miles to about 39 miles, represent my picks for the best multi-day hikes in Grand Teton National Park—a place I have dayhiked, backpacked, and climbed extensively. This list includes my favorite itinerary for a Teton Crest Trail hike, the best short (two- or three-day) backpacking trip in the park, and various options that offer different distances, varying levels of solitude, and opportunities to see different areas of the park.

The peak backpacking season in the Tetons generally begins in mid-July, when higher elevations and passes become mostly snow-free, and runs well into September. Some high passes, most notably Paintbrush Divide, can remain snow-covered and potentially dangerous into late July, depending on the previous winter and spring’s snowpack and weather in spring and early summer.

A backpacker on the Teton Crest Trail in Grand Teton National Park.
David Gordon backpacking the Teton Crest Trail in the North Fork Cascade Canyon.

The park accepts permit reservation requests for backpacking trips from the first Wednesday in January through May 15, at; after that, all permit requests are handled first-come, first-served. Apply promptly at 8 a.m. Mountain Time the first day reservations open, because many campsites that are available in reserve, especially along the Teton Crest trail, disappear quickly (and the process can feel maddeningly chaotic).

However, the park issues reservations for only about one-third of permits in advance—leaving two-thirds available each night during the hiking season for people seeking walk-in permits, issued no more than one day in advance of starting a trip. High demand makes walk-in permits hard to get.

See my stories “How to Get a Permit to Backpack the Teton Crest Trail,” “10 Tips for Getting a Hard-to-Get National Park Backcountry Permit” and “How to Get a Last-Minute, National Park Backcountry Permit.”

My popular e-guides “The Complete Guide to Backpacking the Teton Crest Trail in Grand Teton National Park” and “The Best Short Backpacking Trip in Grand Teton National Park” will tell you everything you need to know to plan and pull off either trip. And I’ve helped many readers of my blog plan a successful and memorable backpacking trip in the Tetons. See my Custom Trip Planning page to learn how I can do that for you.

If you’ve backpacked in the Tetons or have other thoughts or suggestions about the best backpacking trips there, I’d appreciate you sharing those in the comments section at the bottom of this story. I try to respond to all comments.

See the “5 Reasons You Must Backpack the Teton Crest Trail.”

A backpacker on the Teton Crest Trail in Grand Teton National Park.
Todd Arndt above the Schoolroom Glacier and the South Fork Cascade Canyon on the Teton Crest Trail. Click photo to learn how I can help you plan this trip.

Death Canyon to String Lake

Having hiked and backpacked all of the side canyons that access the Teton Crest Trail from the park’s east side as well as some on the west side and the full TCT route starting from its southern terminus, my favorite Teton Crest Trail itinerary (and the one I planned for my most recent TCT hike with three friends going there for the first time) is this nearly 36-mile hike from Death Canyon Trailhead to String Lake Trailhead.

Done in anywhere from a rigorous three days to a more moderate five, this route delivers the complete Tetons experience: miles of hiking open meadows and above treeline with endless panoramas, amazing campsites, one of the highest passes crossed by a trail in the range, wildflowers in abundance, enchanting lakes, creeks, and waterfalls, and likely wildlife sightings. Hike south to north and the scenery gets better every day.

Get my e-guide “The Complete Guide to Backpacking the Teton Crest Trail in Grand Teton National Park.”

Dying to backpack in the Tetons? See my expert e-guides to the Teton Crest Trail and
the best short backpacking trip there.


A moose along the Teton Crest Trail, North Fork Cascade Canyon, Grand Teton National Park.
A moose along the Teton Crest Trail in the North Fork Cascade Canyon, Grand Teton National Park. Click photo to read about that trip.

Paintbrush Canyon to Cascade Canyon

The park’s most popular backpacking trip for logical reasons—scenery and access—the nearly 20-mile Paintbrush Canyon-Cascade Canyon loop from String Lake offers a highlights reel of Grand Teton National Park condensed into a two- to three-day hike (or a big dayhike or trail run). It’s probably among the most scenic sub-20-mile hikes in the National Park System and great for beginners, young families—we took our kids at ages eight and six—and any backpackers seeking a short outing.

Involving nearly 4,000 feet of elevation gain and loss, the loop crosses one of the highest points reached via trail in the park, 10,720-foot Paintbrush Divide, where the panorama takes in a jagged skyline featuring some of the highest summits in the Tetons. It also passes by beloved Lake Solitude, nestled in a cirque of cliffs, and below the striped cliffs of Paintbrush Canyon and waterfalls and soaring peaks of Cascade Canyon.

Get my e-guide to this trip, “The Best Short Backpacking Trip in Grand Teton National Park.”

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A backpacker hiking to Fox Creek Pass, Grand Teton National Park.
Jeff Wilhelm backpacking to Fox Creek Pass in Grand Teton National Park. Click photo for my expert e-guide to the Teton Crest Trail.

Death Canyon to Static Peak Divide

This 25-mile loop from Death Canyon Trailhead will not take you through the majestic core of the Teton Range below the Grand, Middle, and South Tetons. However, it makes a circuit through some of the nicest terrain in the range, including Death Canyon Shelf—with some of the best backcountry camping along the Teton Crest Trail—Alaska Basin, some magnificent and surprisingly lonely alpine hiking, and one of the highest passes reach by trail in the range, plus the opportunity to reach an 11,000-foot summit.

From Static Peak Divide, with sweeping panorama of Jackson Hole and the southern Tetons, an unmaintained but easy trail leads about 15 minutes uphill to the 11,303-foot summit of Static Peak, where the vistas expand, including a dramatic view across an abyss to 11,938-foot Buck Mountain. Lastly, this loop is logistically simpler than many Teton backpacking trips, with no shuttle required and possibly no permit if you hike it as an overnight in Alaska Basin.

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Wildflowers along the Teton Crest Trail, Grand Teton National Park.
Wildflowers along the Teton Crest Trail, Grand Teton National Park. Click photo to learn how I can help you plan this trip.

Granite Canyon to String Lake

The 38-mile traverse from Granite Canyon Trailhead to String Lake Trailhead is almost identical to my favorite Teton Crest Trail itinerary (described above) and arguably more tantalizing to some backpackers. It explores another of the cliff-flanked eastern canyons and more of the southern Teton Range—and offers another appealing itinerary option when seeking a permit that’s hard to get.

Granite Canyon compares with Death Canyon for scenery, camping options, and the chance of seeing moose, and this route also brings you past pretty Marion Lake, which sits in a bowl at the base of the cliffs of 10,537-foot Housetop Mountain, and the distinctive spire of Spearhead Peak, in the area where the Teton Crest Trail ascends onto the high plateau that it traverses for numerous miles all the way to Hurricane Pass.

A trip like this goes better with the right gear.
See my picks for “The 10 Best Backpacking Packs” and “The 10 Best Backpacking Tents.”

Lake Solitude in the North Fork Cascade Canyon, Grand Teton National Park.
Lake Solitude in the North Fork Cascade Canyon, Grand Teton National Park. Click photo for my expert e-guide to the Teton Crest Trail.

The Full Teton Crest Trail

The Teton Crest Trail’s southern terminus is the Phillips Pass Trailhead, off WY 22 east of Teton Pass. From there, the TCT runs north for about 39 miles to the String Lake Trailhead in Grand Teton National Park. Beginning in the Jedediah Smith Wilderness, the trail passes through the much lonelier southern Teton Range—crossing Phillips Pass at 8,932 feet, the headwaters of Granite Canyon’s Middle and North Forks, Marion Lake, and Spearhead Peak, before reaching Fox Creek Pass, Death Canyon Shelf, and the better-known core of the Tetons farther north.

The southern end of the range lacks the cathedral-like skylines of the Teton core, but the landscape evokes a sense of classic, sprawling Western mountains, and much of this terrain is moose and elk country. Plus, much of the southern range lies outside the park, where no permit is needed.

Get my expert expert e-guides “The Complete Guide to Backpacking the Teton Crest Trail” and “The Best Short Backpacking Trip in Grand Teton National Park.”

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See this menu of all stories offering expert backpacking tips at The Big Outside.

See “The 10 Best National Park Backpacking Trips” and all of my stories about Grand Teton National Park and the Teton Crest Trail, including these:

A Wonderful Obsession: Backpacking the Teton Crest Trail
American Classic: Backpacking the Teton Crest Trail
Walking Familiar Ground: Reliving Old Memories and Making New Ones on the Teton Crest Trail
10 Great Big Dayhikes in the Tetons


Review: Oboz Katabatic Mid Waterproof Boots

Backpacking the Desert Oasis of Aravaipa Canyon


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14 thoughts on “The 5 Best Backpacking Trips in Grand Teton National Park”

  1. Michael, thanks for the incredible resources you’re putting out to help equip us to have unforgettable experiences!

    So I got ready to book a trip to the Tetons at 8am mountain time this morning. And within minutes all backcountry sites are gone. So bummed!

    I’m curious, in your experience, what’s the likelihood of getting walk-in permits for a family of 6?

    Our family is doing their first backpacking trip together and I don’t want to overwhelm them with 9-mile+ hikes for their first trip. We have the flexibility to show up a couple days early to stand in line. But if we went all that way and didn’t get permits, that would be really disappointing. We’re located in Southern California. What advice would you give?

    • Hi John-Mark,

      I’m sorry to hear you weren’t able to reserve a Grand Teton National Park backcountry permit. Frankly, GTNP has one of the most chaotic permit systems of all the major national parks. I think the page gets overwhelmed with applicants and can’t process all those simultaneous submissions effectively. It really doesn’t have to function that way—other parks have much smoother functionality on simply by instituting a more sane procedure. GTNP has several examples of large, popular national parks that employ a permit system that’s much easier to navigate and less frustrating for users.

      To answer your question, yes, there is certainly a risk to traveling a long distance to the Tetons in the hopes of getting a walk-in permit: You might not succeed. That said, the park issues 75 percent of its available backcountry camping through first-come, walk-in permits, up to a day before you want to start a trip. That’s a much higher percentage devoted to walk-in permits than any other park that I’m aware of. Show up at least a couple hours before a visitor center with a backcountry desk opens to get a spot near the front of the line and I believe you will have a good chance of getting the itinerary you want.

      At the least, by getting there early (I’d go three hours before it opens, personally), you should be able to get a permit for backpacking somewhere in the park and it will likely be beautiful and a great adventure. A ranger will show you what’s available for your dates and give you a sense of the hike’s difficulty and distance and you can choose from the options available. Having six people obviously changes the math; a smaller group would have a better chance.

      It comes down partly to your willingness to take the risk, even with pretty good odds—and how early you are willing to get out there and stand in line. Bring warm clothes, a hot beverage, a camp chair, and something to read.

      I hope that helps. Good luck.

  2. We cannot say enough great things about working with Michael and hiking GTNP! Last year my 15-year-old daughter and I hiked the full TCT with the support of Michael’s “Talk with Michael” trip planning. We had a trip of a lifetime with awesome campsites, lots of wildlife and great trip preconditioning prep for the adventure. This year, we’ve again contracted with Michael to support us on another great family adventure. Kudos to The Big Outside!!!!

    John and Elora, Minnesota

    • In the Tetons, like most Western mountain ranges, you’ll typically find the ground solidly snow-covered in June, at least above 7,000 to 8,000 feet or so—which includes many trails in the Tetons. While it’s melting quickly by then and there’s a lot of variability throughout the month and depending on the previous winter’s snowpack, even late June is usually still quite snowy. Mid-July is normally the beginning of summer in bigger Western mountains. And new snow could fall in June.

      In a normal mid-June, you could hike partway up the eastside canyons but probably be postholing in snow—with the depth variable, depending on sun exposure—before reaching a camping zone. I’ve done that in the Tetons in April (at lower elevations, long story) and it’s pretty miserable. Friends of mine tried backpacking the TCT in early July a couple summers ago and ran into a lot of snow that forced them to bail early.

      Wait at least until mid-July. August, of course, is often ideal.

  3. Hello Michael,

    I read your article on the best backpacking trips in the Tetons and I have a question. Bill Schneider writes in his book that only hikes categorized as easy or moderate should be attempted with children. But all the multi-day hikes are categorized as difficult. On the other hand, he also seems to think that you need to stay at the same altitude when your walk with kids, which is not at all our experience. In fact, we find that kids get bored quickly on easy paths.

    Our children will be 11 and 13 this summer and have hiked a 5-day tour on Kungsleden (using huts) 3 years ago when the little one was only 8yo, and 3 days in Jämtland (tenting, full packs) last year. On that occasion, I unfortunately had to admit that despite being a relatively fit 46-year-old, my kids are now faster than me (I’ll weigh down their packs a bit more next time 😋). My husband is still ahead of them. 

    Of course, in Sweden, water is never an issue, you only need to bring half a liter or so, and I guess we’ll need more in the Tetons.

    So our question is: can we hike a (portion) of the Teton Crest trail? Or should we believe Bill Schneider & is that really irresponsible? We were thinking to spend 4, maybe 5 nights on the trail in late July & hike 6 to 8 hrs per day. 

    Thanks for your advice!


    • Hi Floor,

      Thanks for asking a question that’s probably on the minds of many parents and congrats on getting your kids out on some great wilderness adventures.

      First, I think different kids are ready for bigger adventures at different ages and many guidebook authors and publishers are writing with novices in mind. But it also sounds to me like your kids have good experience already on multi-day wilderness hikes and are very probably ready for a multi-day hike on the Teton Crest Trail, especially given that they’re going to be 11 and 13 this summer and the TCT is largely a good trail with moderate grades. Our kids were 10 and 8 when we backpacked a four-day hike on a section of the TCT with them and they did great, including a day over 10 miles with about 3,000 feet of uphill. Our kids had several backpacking trips under their belts by then and we adults carried most of the food and gear weight, but they were also younger than yours.

      I think my e-guide “The Complete Guide to Backpacking the Teton Crest Trail in Grand Teton National Park” would be very helpful to your trip planning; it includes multiple suggested itineraries. And I can help you plan that trip (as I have for many readers). See my Custom Trip Planning page to learn how.

      You’ll also find many stories relevant to taking kids backpacking by simply typing “kids” into the search box above.

      Thanks for the good question and keep in touch.

      • Thanks for your reply Michael! With the help of your e-guide I think I pieced together a good route for the fam. In case we miss out on the advance permit, would you have an idea as to when to line up for the walk-in permit? It would be for a mid-week start in late July. Do people sleep on the doorstep of the office or is it more leisurely?

        • Hi Floor,

          Thanks for purchasing my e-guide “The Complete Guide to Backpacking the Teton Crest Trail in Grand Teton National Park,” I think you will find it very helpful.

          There’s a lot of competition for walk-in permits in Grand Teton National Park, but midweek may be a little less busy than Friday through Sunday. I have successfully gotten a walk-in permit in GTNP in the past. I suggest you show up at least three hours before the visitor center opens to get a spot near the front of the line. Bring warm clothes, a hot drink, and a book.

          Good luck with your permit application. Please let me know how it goes.

  4. September 2020, on the heels of that snowstorm, we took an Uber from Jenny Lake to the ski area, gondola up and then connector trail to the Teton Crest Trail. On the fourth day, we came down Cascade Canyon, past the crowds moose-watching and caught the boat taxi across Jenny Lake. Escalade, gondola, snow, mud, rock, vistas, wildlife, boat! Kudos to those who were out in the snow and cut trail.

    • Sounds like a great adventure, Melissa, and a reminder that snow can fall in September and if the weather improves after the storm, trails may become passable again. Thanks for sharing that.

  5. Death Canyon to Static Peak was a great 3-day hike, with some fly fishing along the way. Suggest going clockwise around the loop so you are coming downhill from Static Peak (my crew all in their 60’s so it made Day 3 easier). Alaska Basin camping had a nice remote feel, did not see another hiker after we left the Teton Crest Trail. Views from the top of Static Peak were spectacular. Plenty of wildlife viewing along the way…moose, rams, a black bear. Jackson Hole also a great place if you have spouses who do not want to backpack as there are many day hikes available, including coming out to Phelps Lake to meet us on the third day. We had time after the hike for white water rafting, a trip up to Yellowstone, bike riding, shopping, and great food. Something for everyone in the family.