By Michael Lanza

There are only three guarantees in life: death, taxes, and getting rained on when dayhiking or backpacking. As we all know, wet clothing conducts heat away from your body, making you colder. And simply donning rain shells may make you so warm that you sweat a lot, thus getting wet from the inside rather than the outside. Staying as dry as possible while on the trail or in camp is key to staying warm in the backcountry when the weather turns wet—especially in temperatures below around 60° F and in wind, which swiftly chills your body. Follow these tips for a much more comfortable and pleasant backcountry adventure—even when the weather doesn’t cooperate.

Backpacking in the rain on the Wonderland Trail in Mount Rainier National Park.
My son, Nate backpacking in the rain on the Wonderland Trail in Mount Rainier National Park.

1. Carry an Umbrella

Seems obvious, doesn’t it? So why don’t more hikers and backpackers carry one when they expect rain (as my son demonstrates in the photo above, from Mount Rainier National Park, and my daughter in the photo below from Italy’s Dolomite Mountains)? A lightweight, backcountry umbrella can be very effective at keeping rain off you, as long as it’s not so windy that the umbrella keeps getting inverted or the wind snaps its arms.

Depending on the design of your pack, you might be able to tuck the umbrella shaft into side compression straps to position the umbrella’s canopy over your head, so you don’t have to actually hold it. For hiking and backpacking, I like the Sea to Summit Siliconized Cordura Trekking Umbrella ($45, 8.5 oz.), the Helinox Trekking Umbrella ($75, 7.5 oz.), or the Davek Mini ($49, sub-1 lb.).

My daughter, Alex, hiking the Alta Via 2 in Parco Naturale Paneveggio Pale di San Martino, Dolomite Mountains, Italy.
My daughter, Alex, in Parco Naturale Paneveggio Pale di San Martino, Dolomite Mountains, Italy.

Hi, I’m Michael Lanza, creator of The Big Outside, which has made several top outdoors blog lists. Click here to sign up for my FREE email newsletter. Join The Big Outside to get full access to all of my blog’s stories. Click here to learn how I can help you plan your next trip. Please follow my adventures on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Youtube.


Backpacking in rain in Wyoming's Wind River Range.
Todd Arndt backpacking in rain in Wyoming’s Wind River Range.

2. Don’t Wear Pants

Rain pants, that is—unless you’re hiking in heavy rain and some combination of wind and temperatures cold enough that you need the waterproof-breathable pants for warmth as well as to stay dry.

In moderate rain and temps, a better choice is either soft-shell pants—which will eventually get wet in a hard rain, but also will dry fairly quickly on your body when you’re out of the rain (once it abates or you’re in a tent); or wear quick-drying shorts with either high or low gaiters to help keep your feet dry. (Low gaiters I like: the Outdoor Research Flex-Tex II.) When combining rain pants with gaiters, wear the pant cuffs over the gaiters, rather than gaiters over the pants, so water drains over rather than under the gaiters.

Stay dry, happy, and safe. See my “5 Pro Tips For Buying the Right Rain Jacket for the Backcountry
and my review of “The 5 Best Rain Jackets for the Backcountry.”

3. Slow Down… or Speed Up

Besides your clothing, your pace dictates whether you’ll overheat. If you’re sweating under a rain jacket on a long uphill climb, slow down for several minutes as you near the top, so that instead of perspiring, your body’s producing just enough heat to dry the jacket on the inside; you’ll be more comfortable when it doesn’t feel clammy.

Similarly, 20 or 30 minutes before reaching camp, slow your pace to where you’re warm but not perspiring, to start drying your base layer and the inside of your jacket—which will make a difference in comfort and put you on the road to dry clothes once you’re in camp.

I can help you plan the best backpacking, hiking, or family adventure of your life. Find out more here.

Jeff Wilhelm getting muddy on the Dusky Track in New Zealand's Fiordland National Park.
Jeff Wilhelm getting muddy on the Dusky Track in New Zealand’s Fiordland National Park.

4. Dry Wet Clothes With Body Heat

Once you reach camp, if the rain has tapered off or stopped, keep your wet rain jacket on while pitching your tent and setting up camp to let your body heat dry it. If the rain hasn’t stopped, once your tent is up, shake the water off your jacket as much as possible (under the protection of a tree if you can) before diving inside your shelter. Then either wear the jacket inside the tent to dry it, or try to drape it over your pack in the vestibule so that it starts to air dry; leaving it in a balled pile will guarantee that it stays wet.

Similarly, wear your damp T-shirt or jersey—as long as it doesn’t make you cold—to dry it before bedtime, so you’re not putting on wet layers the next morning. If the T-shirt I hiked in is only slightly damp, I’ll wear it over a dry, long-sleeve base layer—so that I’m warm with a dry layer against my skin while my body heat dries out the damp T-shirt.

Plan your next great backpacking adventure using my downloadable, expert e-guides.
Click here now to learn more.

David Ports backpacking through rain and fog in Washington's Olympic Mountains.
David Ports backpacking through rain and fog in Washington’s Olympic Mountains.

5. Keep a Dry Change of Clothes

Keep an extra set of base layers (T-shirt, long-sleeve top, bottoms) in a zip-lock plastic bag or waterproof stuff sack for changing into in camp and sleeping in. Don’t hike in that dry set of clothes.

Be safe by hiking smarter. See my “7 Pro Tips For Keeping Your Backpacking Gear Dry.”

Bonus Tip: Wet Bag, Way Bad

When you expect rain on a backpacking trip, keep your sleeping bag dry by either lining its stuff sack with a plastic trash bag or using a waterproof dry bag-style stuff sack with a roll-top closure. I have a variety of stuff sacks I use for that purpose; see them in my review of favorite backcountry accessories.

Whether you’re a beginner or seasoned backpacker, you’ll learn new tricks for making all of your trips go better in my “12 Expert Tips for Planning a Wilderness Backpacking Trip” and “A Practical Guide to Lightweight and Ultralight Backpacking.” If you don’t have a paid subscription to The Big Outside, you can read part of both stories for free, or download the e-guide versions of “12 Expert Tips for Planning a Wilderness Backpacking Trip” and the lightweight backpacking guide without having a paid membership.


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